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Cdc42 effector protein 1 (Binder of Rho GTPases 5) (Serum protein MSE55) [BORG5] [CEP1] [MSE55]


Manipulation of thyroid status and/or GH injection alters hepatic gene expression in the juvenile chicken.

Both thyroid hormone (T3) and growth hormone (GH) are important regulators of somatic growth in birds and mammals. Although T3-mediated gene transcription is well known, the molecular basis of T3 interaction with GH on growth and development of birds remains unknown. In earlier studies, we discovered that exogenous GH alone increased accumulation of visceral fat in young chickens, while the combination of GH injections and dietary T3 worked synergistically to deplete body fat. In the present study, cDNA microarray and quantitative RT-PCR analyses enabled us to examine hepatic gene expression in young chickens after chronic manipulation of thyroid status and GH injection alone or in combination with T3. Thyroid status modulates expression of common and unique sets of genes involved in a wide range of molecular functions (i.e., energy metabolism, storage and transport, signal transduction, protein turnover and drug detoxification). Hepatic expression of 35 genes was altered by hypothyroidism (e.g., ADFP, ANGPTL3, GSTalpha, CAT, PPARG, HMGCL, GHR, IGF1, STAT3, THRSPalpha), whereas hyperthyroidism affected expression of another cluster of 13 genes (e.g., IGFBP1, KHK, LDHB, BAIA2L1, SULT1B, TRIAD3). Several genes were identified which have not been previously ascribed as T3 responsive (e.g., DEFB9, EPS8L2, ARHGAP1, LASS2, INHBC). Exogenous GH altered expression of 17 genes (e.g., CCAR1, CYP2C45, GYS2, ENOB, HK1, FABP1, SQLE, SOCS2, UPG2). The T3 GH treatment depleted the greatest amount of body fat, where 34 differentially expressed genes were unique to this group (e.g., C/EBP, CDC42EP1, SYDE2, PCK2, PIK4CA, TH1L, GPT2, BHMT). The marked reduction in body fat brought about by the T3 GH synergism could involve modulation of hormone signaling via altered activity of the Ras superfamily of molecular switches, which control diverse biological processes. In conclusion, this study provides the first global analysis of endocrine (T3 and GH) regulation of hepatic gene transcription in the chicken.

MeSH Terms

  • Adipose Tissue
  • Aging
  • Animals
  • Body Weight
  • Chickens
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Growth Hormone
  • Liver
  • Phenotype
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Thyroid Gland
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Triiodothyronine