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Cysteine and glycine-rich protein 2 (Cysteine-rich protein 2) (CRP2) (LIM domain only protein 5) (LMO-5) (Smooth muscle cell LIM protein) (SmLIM) [LMO5] [SMLIM]


Identification of a CArG-independent region of the cysteine-rich protein 2 promoter that directs expression in the developing vasculature.

Cysteine-rich protein (CRP)2 is a member of the LIM-only CRP family that is expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). To gain insight into the transcription of CSRP2 (gene name for CRP2) in VSMC, we analyzed the 5'-flanking sequence of the CSRP2 gene. We showed previously that 4,855 bp of the 5'-flanking sequence of the CSRP2 gene directed lacZ reporter gene expression, primarily in the VSMC of transgenic mice. To further define the regulatory sequences important for CSRP2 expression in VSMC, a series of promoter constructs containing deletions of the 5'-flanking sequence upstream of a nuclear-localized lacZ reporter gene were generated and analyzed. Similar to that observed in the -4855CSRP2-lacZ mice, beta-galactosidase reporter activity was detected in the developing great vessels, aorta, intersegmental arteries, umbilical vessels, endocardial cushions, and neural tube in the -3513-, -2663-, -795-, and -664CSRP2-lacZ lines. However, an internal deletion of bp -573 to -550 abolished the vascular, but not the neural tube, staining. Interestingly, no CArG box [CC(A/T)6GG] was present in the -795-bp fragment. Cotransfection experiments showed that dominant-negative serum response factor (SRF) did not repress CSRP2 promoter activity, which was different from the repressive effect of dominant-negative SRF on the SM22 alpha promoter. Our data suggest the presence of a VSMC-specific element(s) within bp -573 to -550 of the CSRP2 5'-flanking sequence; however, in contrast to many other smooth muscle genes, transcriptional regulation of the CSRP2 gene is not dependent on SRF.

MeSH Terms

  • Aging
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Blood Vessels
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cells, Cultured
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Embryo, Mammalian
  • Embryonic and Fetal Development
  • Gene Expression
  • Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein Group A-B
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular
  • Myocytes, Smooth Muscle
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Proteins
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Repressor Proteins
  • Ribonucleoproteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transgenes