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Angiogenin precursor (EC 3.1.27.-) (Ribonuclease 5) (RNase 5) [RNASE5]


Potential therapeutic effects of endothelial cells trans-differentiated from Wharton's Jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells on altered vascular functions in aged diabetic rat model.

Diabetes mellitus in elderly represents an exceptional subset in the population vulnerable to cardiovascular events. As aging, diabetes mellitus and hypertension share common pathways, an ideal treatment should possess the ability to counter more than one of, if not all, the underlying mechanisms. Stem cells emerged as a potential approach for complicated medical problems. We tested here the possible role of trans-differentiated endothelial cells (ECs) in the treatment of diabetes mellitus in old rats. Mesenchymal stem cells where isolated from umbilical cord Wharton's Jelly and induced to differentiate into endothelial like-cells using vascular endothelial growth factor-enriched media. Thirty aged male Wistar albino rats were used in the present study. Rats were divided (10/group) into: control group (18-20 months old, weighing 350-400 g, received single intraperitoneal injection as well as single intravenous injection via tail vein of the vehicles), aged diabetic group (18-20 months old, weighing 350-400 g, received single intraperitoneal injection of 50 mg/kg streptozotocin, and also received single intravenous injection of saline via tail vein), and aged diabetic   ECs group (18-20 months old, weighing 350-400 g, received single intraperitoneal injection of 50 mg/kg streptozotocin, and also received single intravenous injection of 2*10 MSC-derived ECs in 0.5 ml saline via tail vein) groups. Assessment of SBP, aortic PWV, and renal artery resistance was performed. Serum levels of ET1, ANG II, IL-6, TNF-α, MDA, ROS, and VEGF were evaluated, as well as the aortic NO tissue level and eNOS gene expression. Histopathological and immunostaining assessments of small and large vessels were also performed. Induction of diabetes in old rats resulted in significant increase in SBP, aortic PWV, renal artery resistance, and serum levels of ET1, ANG II, IL-6, TNF-α, MDA, ROS, and VEGF. While there was significant decrease in aortic NO tissue level and eNOS gene expression in the aged diabetic group when compared to aged control group. ECs treatment resulted in significant improvement of endothelial dysfunction, inflammation and oxidative stress. We report here the potential therapeutic role of trans-differentiated ECs in aged diabetics. ECs demonstrated anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, gene modifying properties, significantly countered endothelial dysfunction, and improved vascular insult.


  • Aging
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Endothelial cells
  • Hypertension
  • Mesenchymal stem cells

Sex- and age-dependent differences in the hormone and drinking responses to water deprivation.

Maintenance of the volume and osmolality of body fluids is important, and the adaptive responses recruited to protect against osmotic stress are crucial for survival. The objective of this work was to compare the responses that occur in aging male and female rats during water deprivation. For this purpose, groups of male and female Wistar rats aged 3 mo (adults) or 18 mo (old) were submitted to water deprivation (WD) for 48 h. The water and sodium (0.15 M NaCl) intake, plasma concentrations of oxytocin (OT), arginine vasopressin (AVP), corticosterone (CORT), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), and angiotensin II (ANG II) were determined in hydrated and water-deprived animals. In response to WD, old male and female rats drank less water and saline than adults, and both adult and old females drank more water and saline than respective males. Dehydrated old animals displayed lower ANG II plasma concentration and CORT response compared with the respective normohydrated rats. Dehydrated adult males had higher plasma ANP and AVP as well as lower CORT concentrations than dehydrated adult females. Moreover, plasma OT and CORT levels of old female rats were higher than those in the dehydrated old male rats. Relative expression of ANG II type 1 receptor mRNA was decreased in the subfornical organ of adult and old male rats as well as adult female rats in response to WD. In conclusion, the study elucidated the effect of sex and age on responses induced by WD, altering the degree of dehydration induced by 48 h of WD.

MeSH Terms

  • Age Factors
  • Animals
  • Arginine Vasopressin
  • Behavior, Animal
  • Dehydration
  • Drinking
  • Female
  • Male
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Sex Factors
  • Sodium Chloride
  • Subfornical Organ
  • Water Deprivation


  • aging
  • hormonal response
  • sex differences
  • sodium appetite
  • thirst

{{medline-entry |title=Age-related differences in the cutaneous vascular response to exogenous angiotensin II. |pubmed-url= |abstract=Angiotensin II (ANG II) is locally produced in human skin and contributes to the reflex vasoconstriction (VC) response in aged but not young skin. We hypothesized that the exogenous ANG II-mediated VC response would be greater in older adults and would be affected by inhibition of adrenoreceptor or ANG II type II receptor (AT R) pathways. Three microdialysis (MD) fibers were placed in the forearm skin of 11 young (26 ± 3 yr) and 11 older (68 ± 4 yr) individuals for perfusion of 1) Ringer solution (control), 2) adrenoreceptor blockade with yohimbine propranolol, and 3) AT R inhibition with PD-123319. ANG II was then added to the perfusates at eight graded dose concentrations ranging from 10 to 10 M. Laser Doppler flux was measured at each MD site, and cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) was calculated as CVC =  laser Doppler flux/mean arterial pressure and normalized to baseline CVC values collected before ANG II perfusion (%ΔCVC ). At the control site, older adults (-34 ± 4%ΔCVC ) exhibited a greater peak VC compared with young adults (-22 ± 2%ΔCVC , P < 0.05), which was attenuated with adrenoreceptor blockade. Young skin exhibited a vasodilation in response to lower ANG II doses that was inhibited with AT R inhibition. AT R inhibition also increased the VC response to higher ANG II doses such that young skin responded similarly to older skin. These results indicate that ANG II has a greater VC influence in older than young individuals. Furthermore, ANG II may be affecting multiple targets, including adrenergic and AT R pathways. NEW