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DNA oxidative demethylase ALKBH2 (EC (Alkylated DNA repair protein alkB homolog 2) (Alpha-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase alkB homolog 2) (Oxy DC1) [ABH2]


ALKB-8, a 2-Oxoglutarate-Dependent Dioxygenase and S-Adenosine Methionine-Dependent Methyltransferase Modulates Metabolic Events Linked to Lysosome-Related Organelles and Aging in C. elegans.

ALKB-8 is a 2-oxoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase homologous to bacterial AlkB, which oxidatively demethylates DNA substrates. The mammalian AlkB family contains AlkB homologues denominated ALKBH1 to 8 and FTO. The C. elegans genome includes five AlkB-related genes, homologues of ALKBH1, 4, 6, 7, and 8, but lacks homologues of ALKBH2, 3, and 5 and FTO. ALKBH8 orthologues differ from other AlkB family members by possessing an additional methyltransferase module and an RNA binding N-terminal module. The ALKBH8 methyltransferase domain generates the wobble nucleoside 5-methoxycarbonylmethyluridine from its precursor 5-carboxymethyluridine and its (R)- and (S)-5-methoxycarbonylhydroxymethyluridine hydroxylated forms in tRNA Arg/UCG and tRNA Gly/UCC. The ALKBH8/ALKB-8 methyltransferase domain is highly similar to yeast TRM9, which selectively modulates translation of mRNAs enriched with AGA and GAA codons under both normal and stress conditions. In this report, we studied the role of alkb-8 in C. elegans. We show that downregulation of alkb-8 increases detection of lysosome-related organelles visualized by Nile red in vivo. Reversely, forced expression of alkb-8 strongly decreases the detection of this compartment. In addition, overexpression of alkb-8 applied in a pulse during the L1 larval stage increases the C. elegans lifespan.

MeSH Terms

  • Aging
  • AlkB Enzymes
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Caenorhabditis elegans
  • Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins
  • Dioxygenases
  • Down-Regulation
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • Ketoglutaric Acids
  • Larva
  • Longevity
  • Lysosomes
  • Methyltransferases
  • Operon
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • RNA Interference
  • S-Adenosylmethionine