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Heat shock protein beta-8 (HspB8) (Alpha-crystallin C chain) (E2-induced gene 1 protein) (Protein kinase H11) (Small stress protein-like protein HSP22) [CRYAC] [E2IG1] [HSP22] [PP1629]


BAG3 and friends: co-chaperones in selective autophagy during aging and disease.

There is a reciprocal change in the expression of two members of the BAG (Bcl-2-associated athanogen) family, BAG1 and BAG3, during cellular aging and under acute stress ("BAG1-BAG3-switch"). BAG3 was recently described as a mediator of a novel macroautophagy pathway that uses the specificity of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) to misfolded proteins and also involves other protein partners, such as HSPB8. Also crucial for induction and execution of autophagy are sequestosome-1/p62 (SQSTM1/p62) and LC3, an autophagosome-associated protein. In this novel pathway, BAG3 mediates the targeting and transport of degradation-prone substrates into aggresomes via the microtubule-motor dynein. Interestingly, aggresome-targeting by BAG3 does not depend on substrate ubiquitination and is, therefore, involved in the clearance of misfolded proteins that are not ubiquitinated.

MeSH Terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Aging
  • Animals
  • Autophagy
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Disease
  • Dyneins
  • Models, Biological
  • Molecular Chaperones
  • Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
  • Transcription Factors
  • Ubiquitination