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3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/Delta 5-->4-isomerase type 2 (3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/Delta 5-->4-isomerase type II) (3-beta-HSD II) (3-beta-HSD adrenal and gonadal type) [Includes: 3-beta-hydroxy-Delta(5)-steroid dehydrogenase (EC (3-beta-hydroxy-5-ene steroid dehydrogenase) (Progesterone reductase); Steroid Delta-isomerase (EC (Delta-5-3-ketosteroid isomerase)] [HSDB3B]


11-Oxygenated C19 Steroids Do Not Decline With Age in Women.

The ovaries and adrenals are sources of androgens in women. Although dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), DHEA sulfate (DHEAS), and testosterone (T) all decline with age, these C19 steroids correlate poorly with parameters of androgen action in postmenopausal women. To comprehensively compare the androgen profiles of pre- and postmenopausal women. We quantified 19 steroids-including DHEA; DHEAS; T; androstenedione (A4); and the following adrenal-specific 11-oxygenated C19 steroids (11oxyandrogens): 11β-hydroxytestosterone (11OHT), 11-ketotestosterone (11KT), 11β-hydroxyandrostenedione (11OHA4), and 11-ketoandrostenedione (11KA4)-using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry in morning serum obtained from 100 premenopausal (age 20 to 40 years) and 100 postmenopausal (age ≥ 60 years) women. Double immunofluorescence of 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (HSD3B2) with cytochrome b5 (CYB5A) or sulfotransferase 2A1 (SULT2A1) was performed in normal adrenal glands obtained from eight premenopausal and eight postmenopausal women. DHEA, DHEAS, A4, and T were significantly higher in pre- than in postmenopausal women (2.9, 2.8, 2.9, and 1.6-fold, respectively; P < 0.0001). In contrast, the 11-oxyandrogens did not decrease with aging, and the 11OHT/T and 11OHA4/A4 ratios showed strong positive correlations with age (r = 0.5 and 0.8, respectively; P < 0.0001). Double immunofluorescence analysis showed that with the involution of the zona reticularis in the old adrenals, the sharp zonal segregation of HSD3B2 and CYB5A becomes less distinct, and areas of HSD3B2 and CYB5A overlap are observed. Unlike DHEA, DHEAS, A4, and T, the 11oxyandrogens do not decline in aging women. Structural changes within the adrenal cortex might explain the evolution of androgen profiles in aging women.

MeSH Terms

  • Adrenal Cortex
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aging
  • Androstenes
  • Cytochromes b5
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxygen
  • Postmenopause
  • Progesterone Reductase
  • Sulfotransferases
  • Young Adult

Testicular gene expression of steroidogenesis-related factors in prepubertal, postpubertal, and aging dogs.

Developmental and aging changes in testicular factors related to steroidogenesis are unknown in dogs. Using reverse transcription quantitative real-time PCR, this study examined testicular mRNA levels of CYP11A1 (P450 cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme, P450scc), CYP17A1 (P450 17α-hydroxylase/C17-20 lyase, P450c17), HSD3B2 (3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, 3β-HSD), CYP19A (P450 aromatase, P450arom), STAR (steroidogenic acute regulatory protein, StAR), cyclooxygenase (COX) -1 and COX-2 in prepubertal (4-6 months of age), postpubertal (1 year of age), and aging (2-18 years of age) dogs. Testicular mRNA levels for P450scc, 3β-HSD, StAR, COX-1, and COX-2 did not change from prepubertal to postpubertal stages, whereas that for P450arom markedly and abruptly increased and that for P450c17 gradually decreased. In postpubertal and aging dogs, a negative correlation was found between aging and testicular P450arom mRNA levels. Based on the rapid testicular growth observed during puberty, these results suggested that total testis gene expression for steroidogenesis-related factors, in particular for P450arom, increases during puberty in dogs. In addition, the decline in P450arom gene expression during aging may affect the ability to synthesize steroids in canine testes.

MeSH Terms

  • 3-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases
  • Aging
  • Animals
  • Aromatase
  • Cholesterol Side-Chain Cleavage Enzyme
  • Cyclooxygenase 1
  • Cyclooxygenase 2
  • Dogs
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Male
  • Phosphoproteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Steroid 17-alpha-Hydroxylase
  • Testis


  • Aging
  • Dog
  • Puberty
  • Steroidogenesis
  • Testis