Материал из hpluswiki
Перейти к навигации Перейти к поиску

Glutathione S-transferase Mu 3 (EC (GST class-mu 3) (GSTM3-3) (hGSTM3-3) [GST5]


Age-associated changes in GSH S-transferase gene/proteins in livers of rats.

Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are phase-II metabolic enzymes playing important roles in drug metabolism, anti-oxidative stress and anti-aging. Age is a key factor influencing GSTs expression. Thus, age-related changes of 10 GSTs were examined. Livers from male Sprague-Dawley rats at fetus (-2 d), neonates (1, 7, 14 and 21 d), puberty (28 and 35 d), adulthood (60 and 180 d), and aging (540 and 800 d), were collected and subjected to qPCR analysis. Liver proteins from 14, 28, 60, 180, 540 and 800 d were also extracted for selected protein analysis by Western-blot. The expression of GSTA1 and GSTP1 increased over the life span and the expression of GSTA4, GSTO1 and GSTZ1 gradually increased until adulthood, and slightly decreased at 800 days. The expression of GSTM1, GSTM3, GSTT1, GSTT2 and GSTK1 gradually increased until adulthood, but significantly decreased during aging of 540 and 800 days. There is a small peak at 7-14 d for GSTA1, GSTP1 and GSTZ1. The protein expression of GSTA1, GSTM1 and GSTP1 followed the trend of mRNA changes. This study characterized three expression patterns of 10 GSTs during development and aging in rat liver, adding to our understanding of anti-aging role of GSTs.

MeSH Terms

  • Aging
  • Animals
  • Glutathione S-Transferase pi
  • Glutathione Transferase
  • Isoenzymes
  • Liver
  • Male
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley


  • Ontogeny
  • aging
  • glutathione S-transferases
  • rat liver

Relationship Between the Altered Expression and Epigenetics of GSTM3 and Age-Related Cataract.

Glutathione S-Transferase Mu 3 (GSTM3) protects the lens from oxidative stress that contributes to age-related cataract (ARC) formation. We examined the expression and epigenetics of GSTM3 in lens epithelial cells (LECs) and lens cortex of ARC, and investigated the potential role of molecular changes in ARC pathogenesis. This study included 120 ARCs and 40 controls. Expression of GSTM3, DNA methylation, and histone modification were assessed by quantificational real-time PCR, Western blot, bisulfite-sequencing PCR, pyrosequencing, and chromatin immunoprecipitation assay. Human lens epithelial (HLE) cell lines, SRA01/04 and HLEB3, were served as an in vitro model to observe the relationship between epigenetic status and GSTM3 expression. Potential transcription factors binding to GSTM3 promoter were detected by electrophoretic mobility shift assay. Expression of GSTM3 decreased in ARC lens tissues compared to that in the controls, which correlated with the hypermethylation of GSTM3 promoter. Lower level of GSTM3 was detected in HLEB3 than in SRA01/04, while HLEB3 displayed hypermethylation of GSTM3 and SRA01/04 did not. Compared to SRA01/04, HLEB3 displayed lower acetylated H3 and higher trimethylated H3K9 levels. After treatment with DNA methyltransferase inhibitor or histone deacetylase inhibitor, HLEB3 had an increased GSTM3 expression. Methylation of GSTM3 promoter abrogated the potential transcription factor binding. The GSTM3 expression declined in hydrogen peroxide-treated HLE cell lines. Expression of GSTM3 might be regulated by epigenetic changes in lens tissue. Hypermethylation in GSTM3 promoter and altered histone modification might have a role in the ARC formation. The results provided a potential strategy of ARC management by manipulating epigenetic changes.

MeSH Terms

  • Aging
  • Cataract
  • Cells, Cultured
  • DNA
  • DNA Methylation
  • Epigenomics
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Glutathione Transferase
  • Humans
  • Lens Cortex, Crystalline
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxidative Stress
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction