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Growth/differentiation factor 7 precursor (GDF-7)


Growth/differentiation factor 7 is preferentially expressed in the primary motor area of the monkey neocortex.

We applied a differential display PCR technique to isolate molecules that are area-specific in expression in the primate neocortex, and found that growth/differentiation factor 7 (GDF7), a member of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)/transforming growth factor (TGF) beta super-family, is preferentially expressed in the primary motor area of African green monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops). We proved that GDF7 is 10 times more abundant in the motor cortex than in the visual cortex by northern blotting and quantitative RT-PCR. When we examined the neocortex of closely related rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta), GDF7 was also most abundant in the motor cortex, although the regional difference was reduced to 3-fold. This differential expression pattern was observed in both newborn and infant rhesus monkeys. We found that several type I/II receptors of BMP, candidates of the receptors for GDF7, are uniformly expressed in the mature neocortex. The unique expression pattern of GDF7 suggests that it may play an active role in the motor area of the primate neocortex.

MeSH Terms

  • Aging
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Bone Morphogenetic Proteins
  • Chlorocebus aethiops
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Gene Library
  • Growth Substances
  • Macaca fascicularis
  • Macaca mulatta
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Motor Cortex
  • Neocortex
  • Organ Specificity
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Transfection