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Ephrin-B2 precursor (EPH-related receptor tyrosine kinase ligand 5) (LERK-5) (HTK ligand) (HTK-L) [EPLG5] [HTKL] [LERK5]


Cartilage-specific deletion of ephrin-B2 in mice results in early developmental defects and an osteoarthritis-like phenotype during aging in vivo.

Ephrins and their related receptors have been implicated in some developmental events. We have demonstrated that ephrin-B2 (EFNB2) could play a role in knee joint pathology associated with osteoarthritis (OA). Here, we delineate the in vivo role of EFNB2 in musculoskeletal growth, development, and in OA using a cartilage-specific EFNB2 knockout (EFNB2(Col2)KO) mouse model. EFNB2(Col2)KO was generated with Col2a1-Cre transgenic mice. The skeletal development was evaluated using macroscopy, immunohistochemistry, histomorphometry, radiology, densitometry, and micro-computed tomography. Analyses were performed at P0 (birth) and on postnatal days P15, P21, and on 8-week- and 1-year-old mice. EFNB2(Col2)KO mice exhibited significant reduction in size, weight, length, and in long bones. At P0, the growth plates of EFNB2(Col2)KO mice displayed increased type X collagen, disorganized hyphertrophic zone, and decreased mineralization. At P15, mutant mice demonstrated a significant reduction in VEGF and TRAP at the chondro-osseous junction and a delay in the secondary ossification, including a decrease in bone volume and trabecular thickness. At P21 and 8 weeks old, EFNB2(Col2)KO mice exhibited reduced bone mineral density in the total skeleton, femur and spine. One-year-old EFNB2(Col2)KO mice demonstrated OA phenotypic features in both the knee and hip. By P15, 27 % of the EFNB2(Col2)KO mice developed a hip locomotor phenotype, which further experiments demonstrated reflected the neurological midline abnormality involving the corticospinal tract. This in vivo study demonstrated, for the first time, that EFNB2 is essential for normal long bone growth and development and its absence leads to a knee and hip OA phenotype in aged mice.

MeSH Terms

  • Aging
  • Animals
  • Arthritis, Experimental
  • Bone Development
  • Cartilage, Articular
  • Ephrin-B2
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Phenotype
  • X-Ray Microtomography


  • Bone development
  • Ephrin-B2
  • Knockout mouse model
  • Osteoarthritis