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EGF-containing fibulin-like extracellular matrix protein 1 precursor (Extracellular protein S1-5) (Fibrillin-like protein) (Fibulin-3) (FIBL-3) [FBLN3] [FBNL]


{{medline-entry |title=A novel age-related venous amyloidosis derived from EGF-containing fibulin-like extracellular matrix protein 1. |pubmed-url=https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30565683 |abstract=Most intractable tissue-degenerative disorders share a common pathogenic condition, so-called proteinopathy. Amyloid-related disorders are the most common proteinopathies and are characterized by amyloid fibril deposits in the brain or other organs. Aging is generally associated with the development of these amyloid-related disorders, but we still do not fully understand how functional proteins become pathogenic amyloid deposits during the human aging process. We identified a novel amyloidogenic protein, named epidermal growth factor-containing fibulin-like extracellular matrix protein 1 (EFEMP1), in massive venous amyloid deposits in specimens that we obtained from an autopsied patient who died of gastrointestinal bleeding. Our postmortem analyses of additional patients indicate that EFEMP1 amyloid deposits frequently developed in systemic venous walls of elderly people. EFEMP1 was highly expressed in veins, and aging enhanced venous EFEMP1 expression. In addition, biochemical analyses indicated that these venous amyloid deposits consisted of C-terminal regions of EFEMP1. In vitro studies showed that C-terminal regions formed amyloid fibrils, which inhibited venous tube formation and cell viability. EFEMP1 thus caused a novel age-related venous amyloid-related disorder frequently found in the elderly population. Understanding EFEMP1 amyloid formation provides new insights into amyloid-related disorders occurring during the aging process. Copyright © 2018 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley