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Dual oxidase 1 precursor (EC 1.11.1.-) (EC (Large NOX 1) (Long NOX 1) (NADPH thyroid oxidase 1) (Thyroid oxidase 1) [DUOX] [LNOX1] [THOX1]


Lifespan extension by peroxidase and dual oxidase-mediated ROS signaling through pyrroloquinoline quinone in [i]C. elegans[/i].

Reactive oxygen species (ROS), originally characterized based on their harmful effects on cells or organisms, are now recognized as important signal molecules regulating various biological processes. In particular, low levels of ROS released from mitochondria extend lifespan. Here, we identified a novel mechanism of generating appropriate levels of ROS at the plasma membrane through a peroxidase and dual oxidase (DUOX) system, which could extend lifespan in [i]Caenorhabditis elegans[/i] A redox co-factor, pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ), activates the [i]C. elegans[/i] DUOX protein BLI-3 to produce the ROS H O at the plasma membrane, which is subsequently degraded by peroxidase (MLT-7), eventually ensuring adequate levels of ROS. These ROS signals are transduced mainly by the oxidative stress transcriptional factors SKN-1 (Nrf2 or NFE2L2 in mammals) and JUN-1, and partially by DAF-16 (a FOXO protein homolog). Cell biology experiments demonstrated a similarity between the mechanisms of PQQ-induced activation of human DUOX1 and DUOX2 and that of [i]C. elegans[/i] BLI-3, suggesting that DUOXs are potential targets of intervention for lifespan extension. We propose that low levels of ROS, fine-tuned by the peroxidase and dual oxidase system at the plasma membrane, act as second messengers to extend lifespan by the effect of hormesis.

MeSH Terms

  • Animals
  • Caenorhabditis elegans
  • Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins
  • Dual Oxidases
  • Longevity
  • Oxidoreductases
  • PQQ Cofactor
  • Peroxidase
  • Reactive Oxygen Species


  • C. elegans
  • Dual oxidase
  • Lifespan
  • Peroxidase
  • Pyrroloquinoline quinone
  • Reactive oxygen species