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Discoidin domain-containing receptor 2 precursor (EC (Discoidin domain receptor 2) (CD167 antigen-like family member B) (Discoidin domain-containing receptor tyrosine kinase 2) (Neurotrophic tyrosine kinase, receptor-related 3) (Receptor protein-tyrosine kinase TKT) (Tyrosine-protein kinase TYRO10) (CD167b antigen) [NTRKR3] [TKT] [TYRO10]


Selective Role of Discoidin Domain Receptor 2 in Murine Temporomandibular Joint Development and Aging.

Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders are often associated with development of osteoarthritis-like changes in the mandibular condyle. Discoidin domain receptor 2 (DDR2), a collagen receptor preferentially activated by type I and III collagen found in the TMJ and other fibrocartilages, has been associated with TMJ degeneration, but its role in normal joint development has not been previously examined. Using Ddr2 LacZ-tagged mice and immunohistochemistry, we found that DDR2 is preferentially expressed and activated in the articular zone of TMJs but not knee joints. To assess the requirement for Ddr2 in TMJ development, studies were undertaken to compare wild-type and smallie ( slie) mice, which contain a spontaneous deletion in Ddr2 to produce an effective null allele. Analysis of TMJs from newborn Ddr2 mice revealed a developmental delay in condyle mineralization, as measured by micro-computed tomography and histologic analysis. In marked contrast, knee joints of Ddr2 mice were normal. Analysis of older Ddr2 mice (3 and 10 mo) revealed that the early developmental delay led to a dramatic and progressive loss of TMJ articular integrity and osteoarthritis-like changes. Mutant condyles had a rough and flattened bone surface, accompanied by a dramatic loss of bone mineral density. Mankin scores showed significantly greater degenerative changes in the TMJs of 3- and 10-mo-old Ddr2 mice as compared with wild-type controls. No DDR2-dependent degenerative changes were seen in knees. Analysis of primary cultures of TMJ articular chondrocytes from wild-type and Ddr2 mice showed defects in chondrocyte maturation and mineralization in the absence of Ddr2. These studies demonstrate that DDR2 is necessary for normal TMJ condyle development and homeostasis and that these DDR2 functions are restricted to TMJ fibrocartilage and not seen in the hyaline cartilage of the knee.

MeSH Terms

  • Aging
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Cartilage, Articular
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Chondrocytes
  • Discoidin Domain Receptor 2
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Knee Joint
  • Mice
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Staining and Labeling
  • Temporomandibular Joint
  • X-Ray Microtomography


  • cartilage
  • cell-matrix interactions
  • craniofacial biology/genetics
  • growth/development
  • joint disease
  • temporomandibular disorders (TMD)

Type I collagen aging impairs discoidin domain receptor 2-mediated tumor cell growth suppression.

Tumor cells are confronted to a type I collagen rich environment which regulates cell proliferation and invasion. Biological aging has been associated with structural changes of type I collagen. Here, we address the effect of collagen aging on cell proliferation in a three-dimensional context (3D).We provide evidence for an inhibitory effect of adult collagen, but not of the old one, on proliferation of human fibrosarcoma HT-1080 cells. This effect involves both the activation of the tyrosine kinase Discoidin Domain Receptor 2 (DDR2) and the tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2. DDR2 and SHP-2 were less activated in old collagen. DDR2 inhibition decreased SHP-2 phosphorylation in adult collagen and increased cell proliferation to a level similar to that observed in old collagen.In the presence of old collagen, a high level of JAK2 and ERK1/2 phosphorylation was observed while expression of the cell cycle negative regulator p21CIP1 was decreased. Inhibition of DDR2 kinase function also led to an increase in ERK1/2 phosphorylation and a decrease in p21CIP1 expression. Similar signaling profile was observed when DDR2 was inhibited in adult collagen. Altogether, these data suggest that biological collagen aging could increase tumor cell proliferation by reducingthe activation of the key matrix sensor DDR2.

MeSH Terms

  • Aging
  • Animals
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Collagen Type I
  • Discoidin Domain Receptor 2
  • Humans
  • Rats
  • Signal Transduction


  • Gerotarget
  • aging
  • cancer
  • cell proliferation
  • discoidin domain receptor 2
  • type I collagen