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Cyclic AMP-responsive element-binding protein 5 (CREB-5) (cAMP-responsive element-binding protein 5) (cAMP-response element-binding protein A) (CRE-BPa) [CREBPA]


Cellular senescence induces replication stress with almost no affect on DNA replication timing.

Organismal aging entails a gradual decline of normal physiological functions and a major contributor to this decline is withdrawal of the cell cycle, known as senescence. Senescence can result from telomere diminution leading to a finite number of population doublings, known as replicative senescence (RS), or from oncogene overexpression, as a protective mechanism against cancer. Senescence is associated with large-scale chromatin re-organization and changes in gene expression. Replication stress is a complex phenomenon, defined as the slowing or stalling of replication fork progression and/or DNA synthesis, which has serious implications for genome stability, and consequently in human diseases. Aberrant replication fork structures activate the replication stress response leading to the activation of dormant origins, which is thought to be a safeguard mechanism to complete DNA replication on time. However, the relationship between replicative stress and the changes in the spatiotemporal program of DNA replication in senescence progression remains unclear. Here, we studied the DNA replication program during senescence progression in proliferative and pre-senescent cells from donors of various ages by single DNA fiber combing of replicated DNA, origin mapping by sequencing short nascent strands and genome-wide profiling of replication timing (TRT). We demonstrate that, progression into RS leads to reduced replication fork rates and activation of dormant origins, which are the hallmarks of replication stress. However, with the exception of a delay in RT of the CREB5 gene in all pre-senescent cells, RT was globally unaffected by replication stress during entry into either oncogene-induced or RS. Consequently, we conclude that RT alterations associated with physiological and accelerated aging, do not result from senescence progression. Our results clarify the interplay between senescence, aging and replication programs and demonstrate that RT is largely resistant to replication stress.

MeSH Terms

  • Cellular Senescence
  • Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein A
  • DNA Replication Timing
  • Fibroblasts
  • Humans
  • Lamins
  • Oncogenes
  • Progeria
  • Protein Domains
  • Stress, Physiological


  • Cellular senescence
  • aging
  • replication stress
  • replication timing

Transcriptomic and epigenetic analyses reveal a gender difference in aging-associated inflammation: the Vitality 90 study.

Aging is associated with a pro-inflammatory state, often referred to as inflammaging. The origin of the pro-inflammatory mediators and their role in the pathogenesis of the aging-associated diseases remain poorly understood. As aging is also associated with profound changes in the transcriptomic and epigenetic (e.g., DNA methylation) profiles of cells in the peripheral blood, we analyzed the correlation of these profiles with inflammaging using the "classical" marker interleukin-6 as an indicator. The analysis of the whole-genome peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) gene expression revealed 62 transcripts with expression levels that significantly correlated with the plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels in men, whereas no correlations were observed in women. The Gene Ontology analysis of plasma IL-6-associated transcripts in men revealed processes that were linked to the inflammatory response. Additionally, an Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) pathway analysis identified Tec kinase signaling as an affected pathway and upstream regulator analysis predicted the activation of IL-10 transcript. DNA methylation was assessed using a HumanMethylation450 array. Seven genes with expression profiles that were associated with the plasma IL-6 levels in men were found to harbor CpG sites with methylation levels that were also associated with the IL-6 levels. Among these genes were IL1RN, CREB5, and FAIM3, which mapped to a network of inflammatory response genes. According to our results, inflammaging is manifested differently at the genomic level in nonagenarian men and women. Part of this difference seems to be of epigenetic origin. These differences point to the genomic regulation of inflammatory response and suggest that the gender-specific immune system dimorphism in older individuals could be accounted for, in part, by DNA methylation.

MeSH Terms

  • Age Factors
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aging
  • CpG Islands
  • DNA Methylation
  • Epigenesis, Genetic
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Humans
  • Inflammation
  • Interleukin-6
  • Male
  • Sex Factors