Dysbindin (Biogenesis of lysosome-related organelles complex 1 subunit 8) (BLOC-1 subunit 8) (Dysbindin-1) (Dystrobrevin-binding protein 1) (Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome 7 protein) (HPS7 protein) [BLOC1S8] [My031]
With ever-increasing elder populations, age-related cognitive decline, which is characterized as a gradual decline in cognitive capacity in the aging process, has turned out to be a mammoth public health concern. Since genetic information has become increasingly important to explore the biological mechanisms of cognitive decline, the search for genetic biomarkers of cognitive aging has received much attention. There is growing evidence that single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the [i]ADAMTS9, BDNF, CASS4, COMT, CR1, DNMT3A, DTNBP1, REST, SRR, TOMM40[/i], circadian clock, and Alzheimer's diseases-associated genes may contribute to susceptibility to cognitive aging. In this review, we first illustrated evidence of the genetic contribution to disease susceptibility to age-related cognitive decline in recent studies ranging from approaches of candidate genes to genome-wide association studies. We then surveyed a variety of association studies regarding age-related cognitive decline with consideration of gene-gene and gene-environment interactions. Finally, we highlighted their limitations and future directions. In light of advances in precision medicine and multi-omics technologies, future research in genomic medicine promises to lead to innovative ideas that are relevant to disease prevention and novel drugs for cognitive aging.
- Alzheimer’s diseases
- SNP–SNP interactions
- age-related cognitive decline
- cognitive aging
- gene–gene interactions
- single-nucleotide polymorphisms