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Exostosin-like 3 (EC (EXT-related protein 1) (Glucuronyl-galactosyl-proteoglycan 4-alpha-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase) (Hereditary multiple exostoses gene isolog) (Multiple exostosis-like protein 3) (Putative tumor suppressor protein EXTL3) [EXTL1L] [EXTR1] [KIAA0519]


Distribution of lithostathine in the mouse lemur brain with aging and Alzheimer's-like pathology.

We analyzed the cellular distribution of the pancreatic inflammatory protein lithostathine and its receptor EXTL3 in the brain of the lemurian primate Microcebus murinus which develops amyloid deposits along with aging. In adult animals (2-4.5 years old), lithostathine and EXTL3 immunoreactivities were largely distributed in the whole brain, and more intensively in almost all cortical layers and hippocampal formation. Lithostathine was observed in the perikarya and neurites of cortical neurons but also in glial cells in the border of the ventricle and the corpus callosum. In healthy aged animals (8-13 years old), highest densities of lithostathine-containing cells were observed, mainly in occipital and parietal cortex. In aged animals with Aβ deposits, the increase in lithostathine immunoreactivity was lower as compared with aged animals. Noteworthy, lithostathine-immunopositive cells did almost never colocalize with Aβ plaques. In conclusion, lithostathine immunoreactivity in adult Microcebus murinus appeared ubiquitous and particularly in visual, sensorial, and cognitive brain areas. Immunoreactivity increased with aging and appeared markedly affected in neuropathological conditions. Its possible neuroprotection or neurodegeneration role in Alzheimer pathology deserves therefore to be investigated.

MeSH Terms

  • Aging
  • Alzheimer Disease
  • Animals
  • Brain
  • Cheirogaleidae
  • Lithostathine
  • Tissue Distribution