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Bloom syndrome protein (EC (DNA helicase, RecQ-like type 2) (RecQ2) (RecQ protein-like 3) [RECQ2] [RECQL3]


Olmesartan alleviates bleomycin-mediated vascular smooth muscle cell senescence via the miR-665/SDC1 axis.

Olmesartan (OMST) is a new angiotensin II receptor antagonist recently approved by the FDA to treat cardiovascular diseases. We investigated the molecular mechanisms by which OMST regulates vascular senescence. In the present study, bleomycin (BLM) was used to induce senescence in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs); after which, the cells were treated with OMST. The effects of OMST on BLM-mediated cell senescence were evaluated using cell adhesion, NAD /NADH, and Annevin V/PI double staining assays, as well as by immunofluorescence staining of γH2AX, Edu flow cytometry, and evaluations of senescence-associated β-gal activity. Differentially expressed microRNAs (DEMs) were identified by miRNA microarray assays, and subsequently validated by quantitative real time PCR. Bisulfite sequencing PCR (BSP) was used to detect the methylation status of the miR-665 promoter. The target genes of miR-665 were predicted and confirmed using luciferase reporter assays. We found that miR-665 was upregulated in VSMCs in response to BLM-induced cellular senescence. BSP studies revealed that CpG sites in the promoter region of the [i]miR-665[/i] gene underwent extensive demethylation during BLM-induced cellular senescence, and there was a concomitant up-regulation of miR-665 expression. SDC1 mRNA was identified as a direct target of miR-665. Either miR-665 overexpression or SDC1 knockdown significantly reversed the effects of OMST on BLM-induced VSMC senescence. Moreover, SDC1 overexpression partially reversed the changes that occurred in cells with BLM-induced senescence caused by miR-665 overexpression. Our findings suggest that the miR-665/SDC1 axis functions as a vital modulator of VSMC senescence, and may represent a novel biological target for treating atherosclerosis.


  • Atherosclerosis
  • MiR-665
  • SDC1
  • olmesartan
  • vascular smooth muscle cell senescence

{{medline-entry |title=[Olmesartan inhibits age-associated migration and invasion of human aortic vascular smooth muscle cells by upregulating miR-3133 axis]. |pubmed-url= |abstract=To explore the effects of olmesartan on age-associated migration and invasion capacities and microRNA (miRAN) axis in human aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (HA-VSMCs). Cultured HA-VSMCs were divided into control group, bleomycin-mediated senescence (BLM) group and bleomycin olmesartan treatment group. Wound-healing assay and Boyden chambers invasion assay were used to assess the changes in migration and invasion of the cells, gelatin zymography was used to analyze matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) activation in the cells. The differentially expressed miRNAs were identified by miRNA microarray assay and validated by quantitative real-time PCR. MiR-3133 inhibitor was used to examine the effects of molecular manipulation of olmesartan on age-associated migration and invasion and MMP-2 activation in the cells. Compared with those of the control group, the percentage of the repopulated cells and the number of cells crossing the basement membrane increased significantly in BLM group [(78.43±12.76)% [i]vs[/i] (42.47±7.22)%, [i]P[/i]