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RAB6-interacting golgin (N-terminal kinase-like-binding protein 1) (NTKL-BP1) (NTKL-binding protein 1) (hNTKL-BP1) (SCY1-like 1-binding protein 1) (SCYL1-BP1) (SCYL1-binding protein 1) [NTKLBP1] [SCYL1BP1]


Examining tissue composition, whole-bone morphology and mechanical behavior of Gorab mice tibiae: A mouse model of premature aging.

Gerodermia osteodysplastica (GO) is a segmental progeroid disorder caused by loss-of-function mutations in the GORAB gene, associated with early onset osteoporosis and bone fragility. A conditional mouse model of GO (Gorab ) was generated in which the Gorab gene was deleted in long bones. We examined the biomechanical/functional relevance of the Gorab mutants as a premature aging model by characterizing bone composition, tissue-level strains, and whole-bone morphology and mechanical properties of the tibia. MicroCT imaging showed that Gorab tibiae had an increased anterior convex curvature and decreased cortical cross-sectional area, cortical thickness and moments of inertia, compared to littermate control (LC) tibiae. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) imaging indicated a 34% decrease in mineral/matrix ratio and a 27% increase in acid phosphate content in the posterior metaphyseal cortex of the Gorab tibiae (p < .05), suggesting delayed mineralization. In vivo strain gauge measurement and finite element analysis showed ∼two times higher tissue-level strains within the Gorab tibiae relative to LC tibiae when subjected to axial compressive loads of the same magnitude. Three-point bending tests suggested that Gorab tibiae were weaker and more brittle, as indicated by decreasing whole-bone strength (46%), stiffness (55%), work-to-fracture (61%) and post-yield displacement (47%). Many of these morphological and biomechanical characteristics of the Gorab tibia recapitulated changes in other animal models of skeletal aging. Future studies are necessary to confirm how our observations might guide the way to a better understanding and treatment of GO.

MeSH Terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport
  • Aging, Premature
  • Animals
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Bone Density
  • Bone Diseases
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Dwarfism
  • Female
  • Fractures, Bone
  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Protein Kinases
  • Skin Diseases, Genetic
  • Tibia
  • X-Ray Microtomography


  • Bone composition
  • Bone strength
  • Finite element analysis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Premature aging